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Based on international standards
Learn more about our standards and general methodologies.
Carbon accounting standards
Greenhouse Gas Protocol
The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG) standardizes how businesses and organizations measure, manage, and report greenhouse gas emissions. Developed by the WRI and WBCSD...
Bilan Carbone
Bilan Carbone is a French tool developed by ADEME, enabling a comprehensive calculation of direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions. It serves organizations, local authorities...
Greenhouse gas crediting standards
Gold Standard
The Gold Standard ensures that carbon reduction projects meet the highest levels of integrity and contribute to sustainable development. Established by WWF and other NGOs, it certifies projects, enhancing their credibility, impact, and attractiveness to investors.
Verified Carbon Standard
Verra's Verified Carbon Standard provides a global benchmark for carbon offset projects. By setting rigorous certification criteria, it ensures real, measurable, and additional emissions reductions, driving investments towards effective climate change mitigation.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) provide a global blueprint for peace, prosperity, and sustainability. Covering 17 interconnected goals, they guide governments, businesses, and communities in achieving a more sustainable future by 2030.
Reporting frameworks & methodologies
Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)
The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) promotes environmental transparency and accountability among corporations and governments. By enabling environmental impact disclosure, it encourages mitigation action, offering publicly available data to foster sustainability.
Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)
The Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) focuses on transparency in climate-related financial risk disclosures. Established by the FSB, it urges companies to report climate-related financial risks and opportunities, thus contributing to resilient financial markets.
Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD)
The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) enhances sustainability reporting within the European Union. By mandating large companies to include sustainability information in their reports, it improves transparency and aligns economic growth with long-term sustainability.
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is a leading standard for sustainability reporting. It offers a comprehensive framework for organizations to report on their environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance. GRI encourages transparency and accountability, enabling organizations to measure and communicate their impact on critical sustainability issues.
International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB)
The International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) develops and promotes globally consistent sustainability reporting standards. Its focus is on providing investors and other stakeholders with high-quality information about companies' sustainability-related risks and opportunities. ISSB standards aim to enhance global consistency and comparability in sustainability reporting.
Partnership for Carbon Accounting Financials (PCAF)
The Partnership for Carbon Accounting Financials (PCAF) offers a standardized approach for financial institutions to measure and disclose their financed emissions. PCAF's framework aids in understanding the carbon impact of loans and investments, promoting transparency and accountability in the financial sector's contribution to climate change.
Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi)
The Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) enables companies to set emission reduction targets in line with climate science. SBTi guides businesses in establishing scientifically-backed goals to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, helping to align corporate strategies with the Paris Agreement objectives.
Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR)
The Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) is a European Union regulation that requires financial market participants to disclose sustainability risks and impacts. SFDR aims to improve transparency in how sustainability factors are integrated into investment decisions, promoting responsible investment practices.
Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB)
The Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) provides industry-specific sustainability accounting standards. These standards help businesses disclose financially material sustainability information to investors, facilitating better understanding of companies' performance in ESG areas.
Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR)
The Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR) framework is a UK mandate requiring large companies to report on their energy use and carbon emissions. SECR aims to simplify carbon and energy reporting, encouraging businesses to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions while enhancing transparency.
SME Climate Commitment
The SME Climate Commitment is a global initiative encouraging small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to take climate action. By committing, SMEs pledge to halve their emissions by 2030 and achieve net-zero by 2050, aligning their business practices with ambitious climate goals.